When metals are cut, bended and assembled into various sizes and shapes, the process is referred to as metal fabrication. Usually, it is in a fabrication and machine shop where this work is done and there are various tools and processes like forming and welding are being performed.
Specialization of fabrication can also be enumerated, like brazing, shearing, forming, extrusion, forging, heat treatment, powder coating, punching, casting, spinning, and chipping. Electrical, prototyping, machine design and hydraulics are other forms of specialization which are of higher level.
In order to fabricate the metal, a number of raw materials are used such as plate metal, formed metal, tube stock, square stock, welding wire, castings, hardware and fittings. To complete the processes of metal fabrication, it would undergo several stages, from cutting and burning, to forming, machining, welding and final assembly.
Different machines and structures construction are some of the output in the use of metal fabrication. The popular materials that are used for metal fabrication are sheet metal and stainless steel, and these are used to manufacture several industrial and consumer products like loose parts, building structural frames and machines.
Sheet metal fabrication involves forming the metal into thin and flat pieces called sheet metal, and these can be in different gauges or thicknesses, and then cut and bent into various shapes and sizes.
Other than producing the sheet metal in flat pieces, it can also be produced in coiled strips from various metals, like aluminum, brass, copper, steel, tin, nickel and titanium. For decorative purposes, they sometimes use gold, silver and platinum.
Other uses of sheet metal fabrication are in the construction of products like bodies of cars, materials for building, and equipment for food processing and other things.
Stainless steel is a very strong material that contains amounts of iron, chromium and other elements, making it resistance to corrosion, staining and thus has a very low maintenance. In some purposes, stainless steel is used for its complete recyclable property.
The surface finishes and grades vary in stainless steel and you can opt for these variety depending on where you will use it, and so your choices would range from brushed finish to satin, mirror and coarse finish.
Many industrial and consumer products come from the very intensive process of metal fabrication. Among the main applications of metal fabrication, manufacturing makes use of the sheet metal fabrication and stainless steel fabrication that we can now use in our daily lives.
After the processes of cutting, joining and welding are executed on the metals during its fabrication, depending on your use and budget, you can have the metal powder coated or sandblasted for protection.